The online version of Module 1: Foundations from the Texas Dyslexia Identification Academy can be accessed for free here.
Learn more about the Spanish language with our Spanish Phonology & Orthography online course. The course now includes a set of Spanish Phonology and Morphology word study cards for students. Register here.
Core reading instruction (Tier 1) resources are available through our Strengthening Tier 1 Reading Online Course Series.
For more information on the Wilson Reading System, Section 504 or Parent Education contact Judy Butler at: firstname.lastname@example.org
For Evaluation training or services for English Language Learners contact Katharine Muller at: email@example.com
The word dyslexia is derived from the Greek 'dys' (poor or inadequate) and 'lexis' (word or language). Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in expressive or receptive, oral or written language. Problems may emerge in reading, spelling, writing, speaking, listening or mathematics. Dyslexia results from differences in the structure and function of the brain. Although visual and auditory processing problems may exist, language-processing difficulties distinguish dyslexics as a group. This means that the person with dyslexia has problems translating language to thought (as in writing or speaking).
Dyslexia is not the result of low intelligence. An unexpected gap exists between learning aptitude and achievement in school. The problem is not behavioral, psychological, motivational or social, and people with dyslexia do not 'see backward'. Dyslexia is not a disease; it has no cure. People with dyslexia are unique, each having individual strengths and weaknesses. Dyslexia describes a different kind of mind, often gifted and productive, that learns differently. Dyslexics often show special talent in areas that require visual, spatial and motor integration. Many dyslexics are creative and have talent in areas such as art, athletics, architecture, graphics, electronics, mechanics, drama, music or engineering.
In 1986, the first Texas State Dyslexia Law was passed after great efforts from parents, educators, and law makers.
The National Institute of Health estimate that approximately 15% of the U.S. population is affected by learning disabilities. Of students with learning disabilities who receive special education services, 80 - 85% have their basic deficits in language and reading. Other studies from Yale University indicate that reading difficulties, such as dyslexia, affect 20% of the population (1 in 5). These studies confirm that dyslexia, or problems with reading and language, is the most commonly occurring learning disability. Every year, 120,000 students are found to have learning disabilities, a diagnosis now shared by 2.4 million U.S. school children. Yet, there are many who are never properly identified or treated, or fall through the cracks because they are not deemed eligible for services.
Dyslexia occurs among all groups, regardless of age, race, gender or income. Many successful people have dyslexia and many dyslexics are successful. Recent research has established that dyslexia can run in families. A parent, sister, aunt, uncle or grandparent may have similar learning difficulties.