Areas of Concern
Delivery of MEP services to migrant children and youth must be in accordance with the service delivery goals for the Texas MEP. The services/strategies outlined in this section are designed to meet the specific needs identified through the Statewide CNA process. However, services may be delivered to meet the identified, documented needs of migrant children as they relate to the OME’s Seven Areas of Concern:
Due to their mobility, migrant students often face differences in curriculum, academic standards, homework policies and classroom routines, as well as inconsistent course placements.
Family mobility and delays in enrollment procedures may impact attendance patterns and the amount of time migrant students spend engaged in learning.
Migrant students often face difficulties associated with adjusting to new school settings, making new friends and gaining social acceptance, issues which can be grouped according to (a) behavioral engagement, which relates to opportunities for participation in academic, social or extracurricular activities; (b) emotional engagement, which relates to positive and negative reactions to teachers, classmates, academic materials and school, in general; and (c) cognitive engagement, which relates to investment in learning and may be a response to expectations, relevance and cultural connections.
English Language Development
Many migrant students have a home language other than English and may face language barriers which impact content area learning. However, in this particular area, it is important to note that providing MEP-funded services to meet needs related to a student’s limited English proficiency is rarely appropriate, due to the high risk of supplanting activities more appropriately funded through State bilingual/ESL or, when appropriate, Title III or other Federal programs.
Educational Support in the Home
While many migrant parents value education very highly for their children, they may not have the educational resources or knowledge to provide the support expected by school staff.
Migrant children face higher proportions of dental, nutritional, acute and chronic health problems than non-migrant children and are more likely to be uninsured and have difficulty accessing health care to address health problems which are interfering with a student’s ability to succeed in school.
Access to Services
As a result of language barriers or the mobile family’s newcomer status, migrant children and families often face difficulties accessing educational and educationally-related services to which they are entitled.